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5251 Aluminum Coil

Aluminum has a series of excellent properties: density, weight and strength is not high, easy processing, corrosion resistance, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, highly reflective, non-magnetic,Due to these characteristics, aluminum and aluminum alloy has a wide range of applications.

Aluminium Coil
Alloy 1145, 3003, 3004, 3105, 5005, 5052 & 5251.
Temper 0, H32, H34 & H38.
Thickness (mm) 0.5 to 6.0 for sheet and coil, 0.5 to 3.0 for strip.
Width (mm) 900, 1200, 1500, 2000 & customer specific width (25mm minimum).
Length (mm) 1800, 2400, 3000 & customer specific length.
Finish Mill & customer specific finish.
Coating PE Coating (not standard).
Plasma profile To customer drawings.

Advantages of using Aluminium

  • Light weight – approximately one-third the density of steel.
  • Strength – some alloys can be substantially strengthened by work or by heat treatment.
  • Workability – easily formed, machined and welded.
  • Corrosion resistance – varies depending on the alloy and the best resist marine exposure.
  • Non-toxic – often used in contact with food.
  • Non-magnetic and non-sparking.
  • Electrical conductivity – high.
  • Thermal conductivity – high.
  • Reflectivity – bright finish options available.


Aluminium flat rolled product stocked by Atlas Steels is most commonly specified to ASTM B209M.  Product designated as plate for ship building in very specific alloys and tempers in compliance with ASTM B928M.

Further background information on these products is in “Aluminium Standards, Data and Design” published by the Aluminium Council of Australia and in “Aluminium Standards and Data” published by the Aluminium Association (USA).

The following alloys are those commonly stocked in the Atlas Steels Aluminium flat products program.

Alloy Code Derivative

Alloy Series Major Alloying Element
1??? Pure aluminium (99.0% and greater).
2??? Copper is major addition.
3??? Manganese is major addition.
4??? Silicon is major addition.
5??? Magnesium is major addition.
6??? Magnesium and silicon are major additions.
7??? Zinc is the major addition.
8??? Other alloys.

Understanding an Alloy code

An alloy code is made up of 4 digits e.g. 5052 where:

  • 5 = major alloying element i.e. magnesium.
  • 0 = Indicates changes to minor alloying elements i.e. no changes to original alloy since it was introduced.
  • 52 = Alloy identification number i.e. identifies the chemical composition of this alloy.

Alloy Code derivative used in Rolled Products

Alloy Example Alloy
1??? 1145.
3??? 3003.
5??? 5052.

Heat Treatable and Non-Heat Treatable Alloys

Alloy Treatable/Non-Treatable
1??? Non-heat treatable.
2??? Heat treatable.
3??? Non-heat treatable.
5??? Non-heat treatable.
6??? Heat treatable.
7??? Heat treatable.

Non-heat treatable alloys can be hardened by cold work. The degree of work hardening is designated by the Temper. Heat treatable alloys (the 2000, 6000, and 7000 series) can be solution treated and then age-hardened.

Temper Designation Systems

H Tempers

Temper Hardness
0 Soft.
H?2 1/4 hard.
H?4 1/2 hard.
H?6 3/4 hard.
H?8 Hard.

Where “?” can be read as:
1 = As rolled – no final anneal e.g. H12.
2 = Strain hardened and then partially annealed e.g. H24.
3 = Strain hardened and then stabilised (at a lower temperature) e.g. H34.

Three-Digit H Tempers

For marine applications there are specific tempers in select high magnesium alloys.  Atlas stock is of alloy 5083, usually in H116 temper.  An alternative is H321 with virtually identical properties.  H116 tempers are strain hardened as a final operation and H321 tempers are thermally stabilised.

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